The manufacturing of apparel or garment in it various phases can chronologically be defined into the following steps from conception to distribution:
For the production of any garment a sketch of the design should be presented to specify all the design features as well as expectation of the end product.
Pattern design can be done manually or with the help of a computer program. The patterns are used to cut out the material or define the knitting pattern for wool garments.
The garment components and cut out fabric are used to sew or assemble an initial sample garment.
The patterns of the approved sample garment are used for making the final production pattern. During production pattern making, sometimes it may be necessary to modify the pattern’s design according to any modifications made to the sample garment.
For the production of garments in various sizes the patterns of different sizes are produced by using the grade rule and applied to the pattern to produce the garment in various sizes.
All the pattern pieces for all the required sizes need to be arranged on the paper in such a way so that the maximum number of garments can be produced with the minimum fabric wastage. Markers are also useful to estimate your fabric consumption calculations.
This is the process of arranging fabric on the spreading table as per length and width of the markers in stack form.
The marker paper is placed carefully and accurately, and pinned with the fabric to avoid unwanted movement or displacement and then cut with the cutting machine with utmost precision to avoid any cutting defects.
After cutting the components are stacked according to their size and colour.
Sewing or Assembling:
Sewing machines of different types are arranged in a vertical line to assemble the garments. The sequence and number of sewing machines used depends on the size of the assembling operations.
Each and every garment after sewing must pass through the inspection point, where the garments are thoroughly and carefully checked for defects.
After passing through the inspection table, each garment is ironed or pressed to remove unwanted creases. Folding of the garment is also completed prior to packing.
This is the last stage of inspection of the manufactured garments on behalf of the garment manufacturing organization, to detect any defective garments before packing.
After final inspection, the garments are poly-packed, dozen-wise, colour wise, size ratio wise, bundled and packed and marked with important information printed on the packaging ready for dispatching.