Silk is a natural animal fibre harvested from Silk worms which has a four phased lifecycle: Between the egg and butterfly stage it is only during the worm stage and before pupa stage that silk is spun and harvested directly from the worm. Originally from China, more than half of the silk produced today is still from China although the production of silk has also many strong holds in Europe and other parts of Asia including Southeast Asia.
Characteristics of Silk Fibre:
Soft or Crisp Feeling:
Silk fibre is quite soft and sometimes it feels crispy to the touch.
The clothes and accessories that are made from Silk are luxurious and expensive.
Draping Property is Good:
Silk fibre is flexible and the fabric drapes well and this is why it can be tailored well too.
Silk Fibre Is Very Thin:
Silk is the thinnest amongst all the natural fibres. As it is so much thinner than any other fibre it can be blended with all other fibres to enhance its properties.
Dyeing Property of Silk:
The current dyeing techniques used for Silk is exceptional and any colour can be obtained.
Due to the fibre’s flexibility silk fabric can easily be printed on.
Hand Washing & Dry Cleaning Is Possible:
The washing fastness of silk fibre is good. One can wash the silk fabric with water or dry cleaning is also possible.
Silk Creates Static Charges:
The main problem of Silk fabric is that silk creates static charges during wear making it uncomfortable for certain garments or active wear.
Abrasion Resistance Is Good:
Silk fabric is well resistant to the abrasion.
Lustre Is Poor:
It is better to keep Silk away for prolonged exposure to sunlight as the Silk’s colour and quality will be compromised.
Uses of Silk in Textile:
Silk fibre is widely used to make accessories such as handbags or footwear. In the apparel industry Silk is used for making Dresses, Blouses, Skirts, Jackets, Pants, Scarves and ties.