Synthetic fibres are produced by using a technical process with materials such as petroleum to form synthetic by-products. These by-products are then turned into fibres.
Filament fibers refer to fibers of long continuous lengths, while staple fibers refer to those of shorter lengths, which are about a few inches long. Most natural fibers, such as cotton and wool, are staple fibers. Synthetic fibers, such as nylon and polyester, are considered filament fibers.
Filament fibres are spun from spinnerets with 3500 or less holes. The number of holes in spinnerets will equal the number of filaments. There are two types of filaments namely Mono-filament; where the final filament is made of only a single filament, and Multi-filament; where the final filament is made of more than one filament.
Staple Synthetic Fibres:
Staple fibres are of limited and relatively short length. It is a unit of material which is usually at least 100 times longer than its thickness. Filaments are specifically produced in staple form.
This product is produced when 100 or more spinnerets are collected into a large rope of fibres, which is called a filament tow. It is then crimped and made into staple by cutting or breaking the fibres.
10 Advantages of Synthetic Fibre:
1. Synthetic fibre is made by following a technical process which produces a comparatively resilient textile.
2. Improved Crease Resistance.
3. Improved Dimensional Stability.
4. Improved Durability.
5. Improved Elongation Properties.
6. Produced according to expectation.
7. Better overall textile properties.
8. Lower production cost and continual raw material availability
9. Production does not depend on the climate. You can produce during any season.
10. The raw materials that are used to produce synthetic fibres are combined according to a precise science and synthetic fibres can be blended with natural fibres to enhance its properties as well.